Earth is a dynamic planet. As we come to appreciate its history and the long-term trends that have shaped the present, we realize that continuous change characterizes the planet, from the movement of continents to changes in the chemical composition of the atmosphere. Perhaps nowhere is change more obvious that on the planet’s surface, where human land use shapes landscapes, alters ecosystems, and influences the diversity of life they support.
Encyclopedia Brittanica offers a wonderful resource for looking at these 300 women who changed the world, their biographies, a timeline, what these women did, where they lived, womens topics, Internet resources and more.
What is a Lakota Winter Count? The website describes them as:
Winter counts are histories or calendars in which events are recorded by pictures, with one picture for each year.
The Lakota call them waniyetu wowapi. Waniyetu is the word for year, which is measured from first snowfall to first snowfall. It is often translated as “a winter.” Wowapi means anything that is marked on a flat surface and can be read or counted, such as a book, a letter, or a drawing.
I’ve been reading an interesting article about Life at Sea During the Age of Captain Cook at an online exhibit at The Mariners’ Museum. Captain Cook was aware that his crew needed fruit and vegetables to avoid scurvy while at sea. The article reports that he would purchase fresh veggies and fruit when they were available at different ports, but he also brought along canned sauerkraut knowing it would help them to avoid scurvy. Just a little fun fact to share for those who might have sauerkraut cooking away with their roast this New Year’s Day.
To read how he convinced the crew to eat the sauerkraut, visit Life at Sea During the Age of Captain Cook.